Saturday, December 7, 2019

Applications of Bioinformatics

What is bioinformatics? It is an integrative field in which new biological perceptions are uncovered from biological information. It gives strategies and instruments to examine genomic information. Basically, it is the application of information technology and computer science to the fields of biology. The goal of the subject is to provide scientists with a means to explain the normal biological processes as well as the malfunctions in these processes which lead to diseases.   

The science of bioinformatics has many beneficial uses in the modern day world. These include: molecular medicine, microbial genome applications, agriculture, animals and comparative studies.

Bioinformatics in molecular medicine

Using bioinformatics, scientists can search for the human genes directly associated with different diseases and begin to understand the molecular basis of these diseases more clearly. This new knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of diseases will enable better treatments, cures and even preventive tests to be developed.

Bioinformatics in microbial genome applications

Microorganisms are ubiquitous, that is they are found everywhere. They have been found surviving and thriving in extremes of heat, cold, radiation, salt, acidity and pressure. It helps scientists study the genetic material of these organisms. They begin to understand these microbes at a very fundamental level and isolate the genes that give them their unique abilities to survive under extreme conditions.

Bioinformatics in agriculture

The genome sequencing of the plants and animals has also provided benefits to agriculture. Tools of bioinformatics are playing significant role in providing the information about the genes present in the genome of these species.

Bioinformatics in animals

Sequencing projects of many farm animals including cows and sheep are now well under way in the hope that a better understanding of the biology of these organisms will have huge impacts for improving the production and health of livestock and ultimately benefits for human nutrition.

Bioinformatics in comparative studies

Analysing and comparing the genetic material of different species is an important method for studying functions of genes, mechanisms of inherited diseases and species evolution. Bioinformatics tools can be used to make comparison between the numbers, locations and biochemical functions of genes in different organisms. 

Dr. Jihene Kaabi

College of Information Technology, University of Bahrain

[email protected]

MOST READ

Leading the Legacy of Diversified Business, Interview with Mr. Faisal Alireza

Mr. Faisal Alireza, Chairman of Global Travels is a prominent figure in the business community in Bahrain. Hailing from the Alireza family, understanding and...

Zain Bahrain hosts university students from Al Ahlia and Gulf University

Zain Bahrain, a leading telecommunications provider in the Kingdom, hosted more than 50 university students from Al Ahlia and Gulf University in Bahrain for...

The digital, mobile-only ila Bank launched in Bahrain

Bank ABC launches ila Bank, foraying into the digital, mobile-only banking space, beginning with Bahrain with a roadmap to take it across the MENA...

NHRA Organised the ‘First Bahrain Health Regulatory Conference’

Under the patronage of the Chairman of the Supreme Council of Health HE Lieutenant General Dr. Shaikh Mohammed bin Abdullah Al Khalifa, and in...

Showjumper Al Malah Hits Second Place in International Championship

Bahraini showjumper Kumail Al Malah bagged second place in the Moores Equestrian British showjumping championship which featured a long list of participants from all...

World-renowned Speaker and author Ravi Zacharias in Bahrain

About 2000 people attended a talk by world-renowned speaker and author Ravi Zacharias at the Asian School auditorium. The topic of his speech was...

New Bahraini Motorsport Team “2 Seas Motorsport”

HH Shaikh Isa bin Abdullah Al Khalifa has announced the launch of his new Bahraini team that will race two Championships across Europe Named...

Kingdom of Bahrain lays foundation stone of Expo 2020 Dubai Pavilion

The Kingdom of Bahrain laid the foundation stone of its national pavilion at Expo 2020 Dubai in an official ceremony on Sunday, 24 November,...

Clean Beauty Regime

Clean beauty regime means using products that are non-toxic, natural and safe to use. As so, to have a clean beauty regime there are...

Gulf Air Signs Five Year Retailing Deal with ATPCO to Integrate Routehappy Rich Content

Gulf Air – the Kingdom of Bahrain’s national carrier – recently signed a five-year retailing deal with ATPCO to integrate Routehappy Rich Content on...

Fatima bint Mubarak Ladies Sports Academy and Abu Dhabi Sports Council Announce Historic Week-long Celebration of Women’s Sports

Organising Committee confirms the 5th International Conference of Sports for Women and the FBM Sports Awards will be the culmination of five days of...

Bizhub i-Series from Konica Minolta. Rethink IT

TOMORROW’S WORKPLACE TODAY - Simple. Secure. Smarter The office workplace is changing as documents become more digitized and the volume of data increases, centralized management...

New chairman for Bahrain Fintech Bay, Mr. Khalid Humaidan

Bahrain FinTech Bay (BFB) has announced the appointment of Khalid Humaidan as the new chairman of the board, succeeding H.E. Khalid Al Rumaihi. BFB...

Batelco Hosts Digital Transformation Workshop for Enterprise Customers

In light of the Company’s role as a key player in the Kingdom’s ICT sector, Batelco held a digital transformation workshop for enterprise customers...

Three Bahrain tech students to represent nation in Huawei ICT Competition regional final

Huawei, a leading global provider of information and communications technology (ICT) infrastructure and smart devices, has announced the winners of the Bahrain edition of...