Friday, November 22, 2019

Common Thyroid Gland Diseases & Problems To Watch For

The thyroid is a gland that sits low of the neck on the front of the trachea, the thyroid secretes several hormones, that act throughout the body, influencing metabolism, growth and development, and body temperature.

The thyroid gland uses iodine from the foods to make two hormones T3 and T4, thyroid hormones act throughout the body by receptors. The thyroid hormones secretion is regulated by the pituitary and hypothalamus in the brain. it is possible that symptoms will develop when a defect occurs in the previous three levels.

Women are five to eight times more likely than men to have thyroid problems, incidence risk increases with age, sometimes thyroid disorders are congenital, genetic factors have important role of thyroid disease.

Thyroid diseases are caused by increased hormones secretion or reduction, viral or bacterial infection, autoimmune disorders, benign or malignant tumors, sometimes its volume increases without functional disorders.

Symptoms of thyroid hormones disorders: weight gain or weight loss with healthy appetite, pain and swollen thyroid, lymph nodes in neck, hoarseness or deep voice, rapid heart rate ( tachycardia) or slow heart rate ( bradycardia), shortness of breath, high blood pressure, headache, memory loss, amnesia, hearing lack, weakness, exercise intolerance,  cold intolerance, heat intolerance, muscles pain, dry skin, Brittle nails, hair loss, excessive sweating, chronic constipation, diarrhea,  low libido, irregular menstrual cycle.

In children, thyroid disorders may cause global developmental delay, short stature, learning difficulty, anxiety, agitation, muscles laxity, premature puberty and delayed puberty.

Long term complication of thyroid disorders: untreated thyroid disease causes severe complications like heart attack, heart failure, coma, recurrent miscarriage, recurrent colitis, bowel obstruction.

Usually, thyroid disorders are diagnosed by thyroid hormones test, thyroid ultrasound, neck CT scan, sometimes it needed biopsy.

Thyroid disorders are treated with thyroxin, antithyroid medications, removal of the thyroid gland by surgery, ablation thyroid by radioactive iodine therapy. these treatments are effective, and have a few of side effects.

People who are more susceptible to thyroid disease: we recommend to routine screening for thyroid disease if patient has familial history of thyroid disorders, patient had past thyroid disease and had been treated, Diabetic patients, Malabsorption patients, Vitiligo, Addison’s disease, Down syndrome, Turner syndrome and patients who are treated with Amiodarone (antiarrhythmic medication).

Dr. Maher  Alshaheen

Endocrine and Diabetes Specialist

Bahrain Specialist Hospital

Email: [email protected]

MOST READ

Al Haddad Motors Service Week

Al Haddad Motors service week is back from November the 16th until the 21st with fresh offers. Get your Mercedes-Benz ready for the roads...

The ENTERTAINER 2020 has landed and it’s bigger and better than ever before!

Global digital lifestyle brand, the ENTERTAINER has launched its 2020 products with unbeatable offers in Bahrain on a private gathering at Baharat Restaurant at...

The Speed Race of Success: Exclusive Interview with Dania Akeel

Saudi Women are making news with great achievements on these days. Dania Akeel is the first Saudi woman to receive the Speed Bikes Competition...

Bahrain growth narrative focus at Chartered Accountants’ conference

Speaker panel designed to make international expertise accessible to Bahrain’s exciting growth story Nearly 350 delegates from diverse industry sectors to attend annual...

Gulf Air and SpiceJet Sign MoU to Explore Greater Cooperation

  The two airlines to look at interline and codeshare operations between and beyond hubs Coordinated cargo services in India and Bahrain, engineering, security...

19 Schools Join Zain Bahrain’s e-Waste Initiative in Partnership with Ministry of Education and the Supreme Council for Environment

Zain Bahrain, a leading telecommunications provider in the Kingdom, in partnership with the Ministry of Education and the Supreme Council for Environment (SCE), has...

NotifyMe is Your New Must-Have Service for Updates on Government Transactions

In today’s busy world, keeping up with the progress of all your transactions can be a real chore. This is what makes the recently...

Simple and Effective Tips to Prevent Dandruff in winter

Winter is just around the corner and with it comes one of the most common hair issues of all time - dandruff. Here, we...

VIVA Cash awarded as ‘Most innovative service of the year’ at the 2019 CommsMEA Awards

The Kingdom’s leading telecom operator, VIVA Bahrain has been recognised with the ‘Most Innovative service of the year’ award for VIVA Cash at the...

Minister of Transportation signs MoU with Flynas

His Excellency the Minister of Transportation and Telecommunications and Gulf Aviation Academy (GAA) Chairman, Eng. Kamal bin Ahmed Mohammed signed a Memorandum of Understanding...

Southern Governor launched health programme

Southern Governor His Highness Shaikh Khalifa bin Ali bin Khalifa Al-Khalifa has today inaugurated a programme aimed at combating diabetes. The event  was attended by...

The 4th Edition of Isa Award for Service to Humanity Conferred to “EDHI Foundation”

His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa patronised a ceremony at Isa Cultural Centre to confer the 2018-2019 Isa Award for Service to...

AUBH Welcomes Globally Acclaimed U.S.-based Incentive Engineering Expert for Series of Panels

Mr. Jaison Morgan, former White House and UAE Government Advisor holds three panels for AUBH ’s Inaugural Class, Faculty, Staff and Community The American University...

Azamat crowned inaugural KHK World Champion with two vicious performances in single magical night

Azamat Murzakanov maintained his professional record intact and made sure to get the most prestigious prize in sports under his provisional possession with two...

VIVA Bahrain partners with HRR Properties for Swiss-Belsuites Admiral Juffair

Offering integrated ICT and digital solutions to equip businesses with next-generation technologies, the agreement is part of VIVA’s commitment to support the Kingdom of...