Sunday, September 20, 2020

A Piece of Knowledge Regarding Health- Rheumatoid lungs

Pulmonology specialist Dr Sonal Jagtap explains lung changes in rheumatoid arthritis.

Rheumatoid Arthritis is a disease in which the body’s immune system – which normally protects its health by attacking foreign substances like bacteria and viruses – mistakenly attacks the joints. There is 50% chance that this disease can, at the same time, involve the lungs.

The lung problems most often linked to rheumatoid arthritis include

  1. Scarring within the lungs. Scarring related to long-term inflammation (interstitial lung disease) may cause shortness of breath, chronic dry cough, fatigue, weakness and loss of appetite.
  2.  Lung nodules. Small lumps can form in the lungs (rheumatoid nodules), as well as in other parts of the body. Lung nodules usually cause no signs or symptoms, and they don’t pose a risk of lung cancer. In some cases, however, a nodule can rupture.
  3. Pleural disease. The tissue surrounding the lungs, known as the pleura, can become inflamed. Pleural inflammation is often accompanied by a buildup of fluid between two layers of the pleura (pleural effusion). Sometimes the fluid resolves on its own. A large pleural effusion, however, can cause shortness of breath. Pleural disease may also cause fever and pain on breathing.
  4. Upper Airway disease: The joint of the throat (cricoarytenoid) may get involved, causing difficulty with inspiration and occasionally resulting in stridor. A sore throat and hoarseness are other common complaints.
  5. Lower Airway Disease : (Bronchiolitis obliterans) The small air pipes of the lungs may get inflamed causing progressive breathing difficulty and cough

Unfortunately some of the medications used for the treatment of the condition themselves can cause certain side effects that may damage the lungs.

Overall, the above mentioned lung complications are usually manifestation of untreated or not well treated condition. An association between smoking and risk of development of lung complications due to rheumatoid arthritis have been reported.

How to deal with these changes?

  1. Do not neglect your body’s needs and demands. Follow-up with the experts to assess your joint pains. Keep regular checks on any symptoms involving the lungs. There are different tests and investigations that may be appropriately advised for your various symptoms.
  2. Radiological investigations including CT scan of the lungs may detect the exact underlying structural lung changes. Spirometry or lung function tests can detect changes in the functional capacity of the lungs. Early reversible changes can be treatable.

One must remember to discuss all treatment options with the physician, weighing the benefits and side effects of the medications used to treat the rheumatoid arthritis.

Dr. Sonal Jagtap

Pulmonology Specialist

Bahrain Specialist Hospital



iGA announces jump in usage of government app & eServices

Government digital transformation efforts are proceeding at breakneck speed, as reflected by the quarterly eServices statistics report, which recorded a 20 fold surge in...

Health Minister receives Indian ambassador

Health Minister Faeqa bint Saeed Al Saleh, received Indian Ambassador to Bahrain Piyush Srivastava. The minister praised the historical relations between Bahrain and India in...

Declaration Supporting Peace: A historic, brave step aimed to enhance regional security and stability

The declaration supporting peace signed by the Kingdom of Bahrain with the State of Israel is a historic move towards establishing peace in the...

Kdan Mobile’s DottedSign Includes AATL Certificates to Ensure Users the Highest Level of Electronic Signature Process

Kdan Mobile Software Ltd., a global software as a service (SaaS) company, has announced that its e-signature service DottedSign now includes a digital identity...

HM King’s humanitarian initiatives lauded by Sudan’s foreign minister

Sudan’s Acting Foreign Minister Omar Qamar Al Din Ismail has praised the support of His Majesty the King to Sudan in various circumstances and...

Carrefour Bahrain Introduces ‘Click and Collect’: The Latest Innovation for Faster and More Flexible Online Shopping

Carrefour, operated by Majid Al Futtaim in the Kingdom of Bahrain, is introducing Click and Collect, a new service that will give online shoppers...

Bahrain exports BD190 Million Worth of Products of National Origins during August 2020

The Information &eGovernment Authority (iGA) issued its foreign trade report of August 2020, encompassing data on the balance of trade, imports, exports (national origin),...

Health Minister urges compliance to reduce COVID-19 infections

Health Minister Faeqa bint Said Al-Saleh urged full compliance with the mandatory precautionary measures to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). She called...

The aftermath of a historic night for BRAVE CF and Arab MMA

BRAVE Combat Federation’s vision of globalizing the sport started within the Arab world, which was often overseen by many other organizations, and to provide...

Adherence to precautionary measures national responsibility

President of the Supreme Council of Health and Chairman of the National Medical Taskforce for Combating Coronavirus (COVID-19) Lieutenant-General Dr. Shaikh Mohammed bin Abdulla...

Interior Minister: valid PCR certificates for entry to Bahrain via causeway

The Interior Minister General Shaikh Rashid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa said that Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) certificates accredited by the Saudi Health Ministry within 72...

CBB warns consumers when dealing with personal and banking information

The Central Bank of Bahrain (CBB) called on consumers to be cautious and vigilant when dealing with their personal and banking information. This warning came...

stc Bahrain joins stc Group as the diamond sponsor of Virtual Capacity Middle East

stc Bahrain, a world-class digital enabler, joins stc group Kuwait and KSA as a Diamond sponsor of the virtual Capacity Middle East Conference 2020,...

“Virtual Bahrain 2020” conference, exhibition kicks off Tuesday

Under the patronage of Mohammed Ali Al Qaed, Chief Executive of the Information and eGovernment Authority, the "Virtual Bahrain 2020" conference and exhibition will...

KHK MMA dominates at BRAVE CF 41 with four huge victories

BRAVE Combat Federation hosted the first of three groundbreaking events last Thursday in the Kingdom of Bahrain, with seven bouts taking place behind closed...