Do you have heavy menstrual bleeding, low back pain? Do you have abdominal fullness or swelling? You could be having fibroids.
Uterine Fibroids, also called myomas, are common, benign muscular growths that develop in the uterus. They are seen in upto 70% of women. By the age of 50 years, 1 in 5 women will have fibroids. They can have major impact on the quality of life of women.
Fibroids can be found in various sizes and number and in varying locations on the uterus. Most of them are asymptomatic. But depending on their number, size and location; they can cause heavy, prolonged or painful menstrual bleeding and anemia or lower abdominal fullness and heaviness. Large fibroids could also be the reason for low back pain, increased urination, constipation or painful intercourse. Rarely they can even cause infertility and repeated miscarriages.
Diagnosis can be made easily by a pelvic examination and ultrasound. MRI, CT scan are used to obtain more details and plan treatment.
Asymptomatic fibroids do not usually require treatment unless they are large in size or they are causing pressure on vital organs. There are many medical and surgical modalities available to treat fibroids. Hormonal pills, Progesterone intrauterine device or GnRHA injections can cause shrinking of fibroids to some extent and reduce the symptoms. But definitive treatment is surgical removal of fibroid (myomectomy) and sparing the uterus or by removal of the uterus itself (hysterectomy). These procedures can be achieved safely through minimal invasive surgeries (laparoscopy or hysteroscopy).
At Bahrain Specialist Hospital, a range of highly advanced treatments are available for all types of fibroids and for all other gynecological and high risk obstetric conditions.