Muharraq Municipal Council is evaluating the implementation of an initiative introduced by an Arabian Gulf University (AGU) academic member purposely to control organic household waste. This comes as Assistant Professor in the Environment Department in the College of Graduate Studies Dr. Sumaya Yousif presented the initiative in her PhD dissertation in environmental engineering at York University, UK. The dissertation was titled “Discovering Technological Opportunities to Control Organic Household Waste in Muharraq Governorate”.
Therefore, she was invited by Muharraq Municipal Council to officially discuss the initiative in order to ponder the possibility of having it seeing the light. Many advanced countries are adopting such an initiative to invest in organic waste in supporting their economies and preserve the environment in the process. Dr. Yousif’s project will be thoroughly studied by a special committee formed purposely for this matter, after which several recommendations will be tabled to ensure a proper decision on it is taken.
The meeting with Dr. Yousif was attended by the Chairman of the Council Mr. Ghazi Al Murbati and other members, as well as several officials and employees of the council and its executive branch. The academic addressed several questions on her dissertation and how to carry out her project. In her research, Dr. Yousif shed light on the best possible methods for sustainable waste control, using Muharraq as an example. She discussed six different techniques to manage hard organic wastes and convert them into energy producing electricity.
The study concluded that only two techniques are applicable in Muharraq and Bahrain according to technical, economic and social criteria. They include the direct burning method due to the absence of waste division from the source. The second method uses the anaerobic fermentation technology and bio-fuel production in the event of a separation policy for biodegradable wastes from the source.
If the combustion technology is adopted in the current situation in Bahrain, a quarter of Bahrain’s electricity output will be covered annually, equal to the production of Al Hidd Power Plant. Dr. Yousif called in her study for adopting a comprehensive national strategy to manage the organic waste and encourage investment in sustainable control by offering rewards, sector privatisation, regulating waste separation, innovation and capacity building as well as promoting the importance of controlling waste among the public who are the main components to make this strategy successful.