Friday, July 10, 2020

Multiple Sclerosis

Dr. Qusai Alhaddad from Bahrain Specialist Hospital tells us more..

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that affects the brain and spinal cord.

Causes

Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects women more than men. The disorder is most commonly diagnosed between ages 20 and 40, but can be seen at any age.

MS is caused by damage to the myelin sheath, the protective covering that surrounds nerve cells. When this nerve covering is damaged, nerve impulses are slowed down or stopped.

The nerve damage is caused by inflammation. Inflammation occurs when the body’s own immune cells attack the nervous system. Repeated episodes of inflammation can occur along any area of the brain, optic nerve, and spinal cord.

Researchers are not sure what triggers the inflammation. The most common theories point to a virus or genetic defect, or a combination of both. Geographic studies indicate there may be an environmental factor involved.

People with a family history of MS and those who live in a geographical area where MS is more common have a slightly higher risk of the disease.

Symptoms

Symptoms vary, because the location and severity of each attack can be different. Episodes can last for days, weeks, or months. These episodes alternate with periods of reduced or no symptoms (remissions).

Fever, hot baths, sun exposure, and stress can trigger or worsen attacks.

It is common for the disease to return (relapse). However, the disease may continue to get worse without periods of remission.

Because nerves in any part of the brain or spinal cord may be damaged, patients with multiple sclerosis can have symptoms in many parts of the body.

Muscle symptoms:

  • Loss of balance
  • Muscle spasms
  • Numbness or abnormal sensation in any area
  • Problems moving arms or legs
  • Problems walking
  • Problems with coordination and making small movements
  • Tremor in one or more arms or legs
  • Weakness in one or more arms or legs

Bowel and bladder symptoms:

Eye symptoms:

Numbness, tingling, or pain

Other brain and nerve symptoms:

  • Decreased attention span, poor judgment, and memory loss
  • Difficulty reasoning and solving problems
  • Depression or feelings of sadness
  • Dizziness and balance problems
  • Hearing loss

Sexual symptoms:

Speech and swallowing symptoms:

  • Slurred or difficult-to-understand speech
  • Trouble chewing and swallowing

Fatigue is a common and bothersome symptoms as MS progresses. It is often worse in the late afternoon.

Tests

Tests to diagnose multiple sclerosis include:

Treatment

There is no known cure for multiple sclerosis at this time. However, there are therapies that may slow the disease. The goal of treatment is to control symptoms and help the patient maintain a normal quality of life.

 

Prognosis

The outcome varies, and is hard to predict. Although the disorder is chronic and incurable, life expectancy can be normal or almost normal. Most people with MS continue to walk and function at work with minimal disability for 20 or more years.

The amount of disability and discomfort depends on:

  • How often you have attacks
  • How severe they are
  • The part of the central nervous system that is affected by each attack

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your health care provider if:

  • You develop any symptoms of MS
  • Symptoms get worse, even with treatment
  • The condition deteriorates to the point where home care is no longer possible

Dr. Qusai Alhaddad
(Specialist Neurologist)
Bahrain Specialist Hospital

 

MOST READ

Bahrain Airport Company partners with ACI World for new virtual training course

Bahrain Airport Company (BAC) has partnered with Airports Council International (ACI) World to Implement a virtual training course that will enable Tahleeq team members...

Customs Affairs is now on ‘Tawasul’!

The right channels of communication between authorities and the public can greatly improve speed and excellence in delivery of services. A new channel of...

iGA Chief Executive Highlights Bahrain’s COVID-19 Response at Global Ministerial Conference

The Information & eGovernment Authority (iGA) Chief Executive, Mohammed Ali Al Qaed represented the kingdom of Bahrain at the Ministerial Conference on the Digital...

Gulf Air Operates to 25% of its Network by Resuming Direct Flights to and from Abu Dhabi and Dubai

Gulf Air, the national carrier of the Kingdom of Bahrain, is proudly announcing that it will resume its direct Abu Dhabi and Dubai flights...

Bahrain’s efforts to combat COVID-19 praised

Arab Ministers of Social Affairs have praised the procedures taken by the Kingdom of Bahrain to handle the repercussions of coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in...

HH Shaikh Khalid chairs ‘Estijabah’ meeting

Supreme Council for Youth and Sports (SCYS) First Deputy Chairman and and Bahrain Olympic Committee (BOC) President HH Shaikh Khalid bin Hamad Al Khalifa...

The Rotary Clubs of Bahrain Joint Handover 2020-2021

All the Rotary Clubs of Bahrain organised a joint handover event on 29th June 2020 on Zoom. A handover is when the current President...

National Taskforce for Combating Coronavirus highlights measures taken to mitigate the spread of COVID-19

The National Taskforce for Combating Coronavirus (COVID-19) held a press conference at the Crown Prince Centre for Training and Medical Research at the Bahrain...

Google now lets you see dinosaurs in the real world through augmented reality

It’s one thing to read about the massive dinosaurs that used to roam the Earth; it’s quite another to imagine how they’d look stomping...

Zain Group joins ‘The Valuable 500’ to unlock opportunities for people with disabilities

Zain Group, a leading mobile telecom innovator in eight markets across the Middle East and Africa, proudly announces its inclusion in The Valuable 500,...

Northern Governorate launches disinfection campaign

Northern Governor, Ali bin Al-Shaikh Abdulhussain Al-Asfoor, has asserted that the disinfection campaigns carried out by the Northern Governorate are part of the national...

stc Bahrain pioneers ahead in 5G technology

stc Bahrain, a world class digital enabler, announced the launch of the Kingdom’s first integrated large-scale indoor 5G commercial deployment, setting a new benchmark...

Batelco to Launch “Global Zone Kuwait” in Partnership with Ooredoo Kuwait

Batelco, the leading digital solutions provider in Bahrain has announced the establishment of “Global Zone Kuwait”, which will offer an ecosystem platform to further...

RHF receives donation from BASREC

Royal Humanitarian Foundation (RHF) received a donation from Bahrain Ship Repairing and Engineering Company (BASREC) in support of needy families registered with the foundation. BASREC...

Gulf Air Appoints Bahraini Senior Manager Cabin Crew

Gulf Air, the national carrier of the Kingdom of Bahrain, has appointed Mr. Abdulrauf Meer Abdulrahim as Senior Manager Cabin Crew to manage one...