Saturday, September 19, 2020

Hospital implements Antibiotic Stewardship Program

Indiscriminate use of antibiotics has begun to have adverse effect on human health with bacteria showing resistance to medication, warn experts, advising both doctors and patients to use antibiotics with caution. A recently published study carried out in the US claims that antibiotics are prescribed inappropriately nearly 25 percent of the time, with World Health Organisation calling the resistance as ‘one of the biggest threats to global health, food security, and development today’.

Patients who are unnecessarily exposed to antibiotics are placed at risk for serious adverse events with no clinical benefit. Unlike other medications, the potential for spread of resistant organisms means that the misuse of antibiotics can adversely impact the health of patients who are not even exposed to them. It is estimated that millions of people worldwide are infected with antibiotic-resistant organisms, resulting thousands of deaths annually.

In order to curtail the overuse of antibiotics among patients, Bahrain Specialist Hospital has implemented its Antibiotic Stewardship Program that helps minimize the prescription of antibiotics to bare necessity. The hospital has dedicated necessary human, financial and information technology resources for the effective execution of the program. Moreover, it is regularly monitoring antibiotic prescribing and resistance patterns, alongside regularly reporting information on antibiotic use and resistance to doctors, nurses and relevant staff while educating clinicians about the resistance and optimal prescribing.

The Antibiotic Stewardship Program ensures that a patient is treated with the right medication and the right time and for appropriate duration, reducing the adverse reactions to the excessive use of antibiotics.

“When bacteria gets regularly exposed to antibiotics, they begin to show strong resistance to the medicine, a characteristic that is passed on when they multiply. Not only that, they can transfer this resistance to other bacteria as well. Moreover, unnecessary use of antibiotics not just kills the bad bacteria but good bacteria as well, weakening the immune system. As a result, when the patient is in actual need of the medication, it fails to do its job,” explained Dr Kasim Ardati, Managing Director of Bahrain Specialist Hospital.

“From the very inception of BSH we have been collecting information in our laboratory on bacteria that is found in our patients’ test results and studied their antibiotic resistance.Using this information, every year we publish the results for our doctors and nurses, training them to control and restrict the use of antibiotics. Over the years, we’ve noticed that the bacteria that was earlier fighting antibiotic has now become submissive due to restricted use of the medication,” added Dr Ardati.

He also asked public to be mindful of the fact that antibiotics are not needed in viral cases, such as, colds and flu etc.

As per a global pharmaceutical company, if there is no intervention to curb the excessive use of antibiotics the resistant pathogens could result in 10 million annual deaths by 2050.

“This is why, as medical practitioners, we have to be mindful of when it’s necessary to prescribe antibiotics and when it can be avoided. With the Antibiotic Stewardship Program at Bahrain Specialist Hospital, we are trying to highlight the issue in the medical fraternity as well as to create awareness among masses regarding the negative side effects of antibiotic overuse,” added Dr Ardati.

The doctor further warned that as antibiotics become ineffective, even common infections can become life-threatening necessitating hospitalization, and may even result in death in extreme cases.Overuse can also cause allergic reactions, diarrhea and colitis, among other serious health issues.

Dr. Kasim O. Ardati (FAAP)
Managing Director, Head of the Pediatrics Department / Pediatrics & Infectious
Diseases Consultant
Bahrain Specialist Hospital

MOST READ

Virtual meeting by Rotary Club of Salmaniya

The Rotary Club of Salmaniya held its regular virtual meeting on Wednesday 2nd September 2020. The club was privileged enough to have internationally renowned...

‘AGU’ Appoints ‘Dr Ben-Salah’ As New Deputy Dean for Graduate Studies and Scientific Research

The Arabian Gulf University (AGU) President Dr Khalid bin Abdulrahman Al Ohaly recently appointed Family and Community Medicine Department Head Dr Afif Ben-Salah as...

“Virtual Bahrain 2020” conference, exhibition kicks off Tuesday

Under the patronage of Mohammed Ali Al Qaed, Chief Executive of the Information and eGovernment Authority, the "Virtual Bahrain 2020" conference and exhibition will...

Bahrain marks World Patient Safety Day

Bahrain joins the world in marking the World Patient Safety Day observed on September 17. This year's theme is “Health Worker Safety: A Priority...

The American University of Bahrain (AUBH) welcomes class of 2024

The American University of Bahrain (AUBH), re-opened its campus in Riffa, following an orientation session for the incoming Class of 2024 students. AUBH Founding...

Artificial Intelligence Academy launched at Bahrain Polytechnic

The Artificial Intelligence (AI) Academy of the Bahrain Technical College (Bahrain Polytechnic) launched the first batch of 38 students. This came under the directives of...

Kdan Mobile’s DottedSign Includes AATL Certificates to Ensure Users the Highest Level of Electronic Signature Process

Kdan Mobile Software Ltd., a global software as a service (SaaS) company, has announced that its e-signature service DottedSign now includes a digital identity...

‘KHCB’ Honours Its Frontline Staff

In a benevolent gesture that reflects the Bank’s appreciation to the noble national efforts exerted in light of the challenging circumstances witnessed by Bahrain...

CBB warns consumers when dealing with personal and banking information

The Central Bank of Bahrain (CBB) called on consumers to be cautious and vigilant when dealing with their personal and banking information. This warning came...

AI Ethics by Dr. Jassim Haji

There global agreement among modern Artificial Intelligence professionals that Artificial Intelligence falls short of human capabilities in some critical sense, even though AI algorithms...

stc Bahrain collaborates with INJAZ Bahrain to host a no. of virtual workshops

stc Bahrain, as a world-class digital enabler partnered with INJAZ Bahrain to host its Virtual Innovation Camp and Virtual Job Shadow workshops, in support...

HH Khalid bin Hamad congratulates ‘Your Talent at Home’ winners

First Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Council for Youth and Sport (SCYS) and President of Bahrain Olympic Committee (BOC) His Highness Shaikh Khalid bin...

HM King’s humanitarian initiatives lauded by Sudan’s foreign minister

Sudan’s Acting Foreign Minister Omar Qamar Al Din Ismail has praised the support of His Majesty the King to Sudan in various circumstances and...

HH Shaikh Nasser hails horse racing victories in UK, France

His Majesty King Hamad’s Representative for Humanitarian Work and Youth Affairs and Supreme Council for Youth and Sport (SCYS) Chairman, HH Shaikh Nasser bin...

iGA announces jump in usage of government app & eServices

Government digital transformation efforts are proceeding at breakneck speed, as reflected by the quarterly eServices statistics report, which recorded a 20 fold surge in...