Monday, December 9, 2019

Common Thyroid Gland Diseases & Problems To Watch For

The thyroid is a gland that sits low of the neck on the front of the trachea, the thyroid secretes several hormones, that act throughout the body, influencing metabolism, growth and development, and body temperature.

The thyroid gland uses iodine from the foods to make two hormones T3 and T4, thyroid hormones act throughout the body by receptors. The thyroid hormones secretion is regulated by the pituitary and hypothalamus in the brain. it is possible that symptoms will develop when a defect occurs in the previous three levels.

Women are five to eight times more likely than men to have thyroid problems, incidence risk increases with age, sometimes thyroid disorders are congenital, genetic factors have important role of thyroid disease.

Thyroid diseases are caused by increased hormones secretion or reduction, viral or bacterial infection, autoimmune disorders, benign or malignant tumors, sometimes its volume increases without functional disorders.

Symptoms of thyroid hormones disorders: weight gain or weight loss with healthy appetite, pain and swollen thyroid, lymph nodes in neck, hoarseness or deep voice, rapid heart rate ( tachycardia) or slow heart rate ( bradycardia), shortness of breath, high blood pressure, headache, memory loss, amnesia, hearing lack, weakness, exercise intolerance,  cold intolerance, heat intolerance, muscles pain, dry skin, Brittle nails, hair loss, excessive sweating, chronic constipation, diarrhea,  low libido, irregular menstrual cycle.

In children, thyroid disorders may cause global developmental delay, short stature, learning difficulty, anxiety, agitation, muscles laxity, premature puberty and delayed puberty.

Long term complication of thyroid disorders: untreated thyroid disease causes severe complications like heart attack, heart failure, coma, recurrent miscarriage, recurrent colitis, bowel obstruction.

Usually, thyroid disorders are diagnosed by thyroid hormones test, thyroid ultrasound, neck CT scan, sometimes it needed biopsy.

Thyroid disorders are treated with thyroxin, antithyroid medications, removal of the thyroid gland by surgery, ablation thyroid by radioactive iodine therapy. these treatments are effective, and have a few of side effects.

People who are more susceptible to thyroid disease: we recommend to routine screening for thyroid disease if patient has familial history of thyroid disorders, patient had past thyroid disease and had been treated, Diabetic patients, Malabsorption patients, Vitiligo, Addison’s disease, Down syndrome, Turner syndrome and patients who are treated with Amiodarone (antiarrhythmic medication).

Dr. Maher  Alshaheen
Endocrine and Diabetes Specialist
Bahrain Specialist Hospital
Email: [email protected]

MOST READ

AUBH Honors Faculty & Staff as it Marks First Bahraini Women ’s Day Since Opening

Four out of eight members of AUBH’s senior management team are Bahraini women. The American University of Bahrain (AUBH) today honored its female members of...

GFH WINS BEST ISLAMIC INVESTMENT BANK AT WIBC 2019

GFH Financial Group (GFH) announced that it has been named “Best Islamic Investment Bank” by the “Performance Awards 2019” at the gala dinner of...

iGA eServices that keep you posted

Bahrain’s ongoing digital transformation is revolutionising the way that many key services are delivered, making life more convenient for the Kingdom’s residents. For example,...

SWEET SUCCESS! Interview with Abdul Majeed Theruvath, Director of Jamal Showaiter Sweets

The saying that great things have small beginnings seem to really fit the life of serial entrepreneur Abdul Majeed Theruvath, the Managing Director of...

Batelco Exclusive Telecom Partner of Bahrain Champions Tour Under 13

Batelco was proud to sponsor the Bahrain Champions Tour Under 13 as its Exclusive Telecom Partner. The event held Under the Patronage of His...

Under the patronage of H.H. Shaikh Mohammed bin Mubarak Al Khalifa, Huawei celebrates its 15th anniversary

Under the patronage of H.H. Shaikh Mohammed bin Mubarak Al Khalifa, Deputy Prime Minister and Chairman of the Supreme Committee for Information and Communication...

Fatima bint Mubarak Ladies Sports Academy and Abu Dhabi Sports Council Announce Historic Week-long Celebration of Women’s Sports

Organising Committee confirms the 5th International Conference of Sports for Women and the FBM Sports Awards will be the culmination of five days of...

Gulf Air and Middle East Airlines in Codeshare Partnership

Gulf Air, the national carrier of the Kingdom of Bahrain, and Middle East Airlines-Air Liban, the flag carrier of Lebanon, proudly announce their codeshare...

Breakthrough Industry Insights Unfold at the 26th (WIBC) World Islamic Banking Conference

Under the patronage of HRH Prince Khalifa Bin Salman Al Khalifa, The Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Bahrain, the 26th anniversary edition of...

Centrepoint Reopens at Oasis Mall Riffa featuring the Latest Winter Collection

Centrepoint opened its latest revamped store in Oasis Mall – Riffa. The store was inaugurated by Shaikh Hasan bin Rashid Al Khalifa, Srikant Gokhale-...

ISB Teacher becomes the first to gain taekwondo referee certification 

Indian School Physical Education Teacher Dipshikha Baruah has become the first woman from the Indian state of Assam to become an International Referee in...

Kingdom of Bahrain lays foundation stone of Expo 2020 Dubai Pavilion

The Kingdom of Bahrain laid the foundation stone of its national pavilion at Expo 2020 Dubai in an official ceremony on Sunday, 24 November,...

Bahrain exports BD154 Million Worth of Trade Products of National Origins during October 2019

The Information & eGovernment Authority (iGA) issued its foreign trade report of October 2019, encompassing data on the balance of trade, imports, exports (national...

Wide Bahraini Participation in the the Ironman Middle East 70.3 Championship

HH Shaikh Nasser bin Hamad Al Khalifa, Representative of His Majesty the King for Charity Works and Youth Affairs, National Security Advisor and Chairman...

Better late than never by: Dhananjay Mahadev Datar

I got my first award for business excellence in 2003. It was quite surprising and an unexpected development for me. Previously throughout my life...